建筑行业农民工权益保障问题研究

—— 以泰安市为例
Studies on the Protection of the Rural Migrant Workers’ Rights and Interests in the Construction Industry

作者: 专业:农业推广 导师:史建民 年度:2009 学位:硕士  院校: 山东农业大学

Keywords

the construction industry, the rural migrant workers, the protection of rights and interests

        随着改革开放的深入和工业化、城市化进程的加快,大量农村剩余劳动力进城务工,虽然他们的户籍身份是农民,却在城市从事着非农劳动,并以此为生活的主要来源,这就形成了我国社会的一个特殊群——“农民工”。但是,在现实生活中,农民工的权益保障的现状与他们在经济和社会发展中做出的贡献不相适应,他们缺少最基本的保障,广大农民工的合法权益经常遭到侵犯,如农民工就业难、讨薪难、社会保障少等问题,这不仅严重损害了他们的利益,而且给社会的稳定带来极大的隐患,这已成为制约我国经济可持续发展的瓶颈,研究农民工权益,消除对农民工的各种歧视,为他们的各项权益提供保障己成为需要全社会共同关注的一个重要问题。本文依据经济学、管理学及法学等有关理论,结合泰安市建筑行业农民工群体的权益缺失的实际,首先分析了农民工产生的背景,并从户籍制度、就业权益、劳动报酬、技能培训以及社会保障权益等方面分析了建筑行业农民工权益社会保障缺失的现状;其次,从体制、立法、制度、观念、财力等层面深入剖析了导致建筑行业农民工合法权益保障缺失的原因;在此基础上,借鉴国内外解决相关问题的成功经验,提出了保障建筑行业农民工合法权益的对策建议,包括:(1)改革“城乡分治”的二元治理体制,实行城乡统筹的户籍制度;(2)改革现有就业制度,建立城乡平等就业机制;(3)完善现有的法律体系,包括:建立中介公司、制定薪金保护制度、完善劳动合同制度、加强行政执法力度和加强农民工的工会组织;(4)完善司法制度,包括:推行简易程序,降低诉讼成本、设立举证责任倒置制度和建立农民工援助体系;(5)加强技能培训及教育;(6)提高农民工自身水平,其中包括:学习法律意识,提高自身维权意识和成立农民工工会,维护自身权益;(7)建立面向农民工的社会保障体系,包括:建立农民工工伤保险制度、建立农民工的医疗保险制度、建立农民工的失业保障制度和建立农民工的养老保险制度等。本文重视理论支持与具体实践的结合、统计分析与案例分析相结合,针对建筑行业的农民工权益保障问题进行实质性调查研究。本文主要的创新点有两个方面:第一,运用大量的实证调查数据资料,从户籍制度、就业权益、劳动报酬、技能培训和社会保障权益等方面对导致建筑行业农民工合法权益保障缺失的原因进行了较为深入细致的分析。第二,针对建筑行业农民工权益社会保障缺失的现实,系统地提出了保障建筑行业农民工合法权益的对策建议。
    With the deepening of reform and opening-up and the accelerating of industrialization and urbanization ,a large amount of surplus rural labour goes into town for work. Although they are farmers, they are engaged in non-agricultural labor as the main source of life, which forms a special social group - "migrant workers".However, in the actual life, the protection of the migrant workers’rights and interests and their contributions to the economic and social development do not adapt.They lack the basic guarantee and their lawful rights and interests are often infringed upon, such as salary, unemployment and social security issues, etc. It is not only harmful to their interests, but also brings great danger to the social stability, having become the bottleneck restricting sustainable development of China’s economy. Studying on the migrant workers’rights and interests and eliminating all kinds of discrimination to them has become an important issue concerned by the whole society.The problems on the construction industry migrant workers’rights and interests protection has caused great attention by governments at all levels and all circles of the society. Based on the actuality of construction industry peasant-workers’lacking rights and interests in Tai’an City, this article mainly talks about the protection of the rural migrant workers’rights and interests in the construction industry. The author thinks that in recent years, governments at all levels are very concerned about the protection of the migrant workers’rights and interests ,have adopted a lot of active measures and made great achievements, but the migrant workers’lawful rights and interests have not yet been fully and effectively protected, and the events encroaching on the migrant workers’rights and interests are still common. Based on the on-the-spot survey in Tai’an City, Shandong Province, the article first analyzes the cause of migrant workers’appearance and the existing state of the shortage of their social security rights and interests. Then analyzing the following aspects as the household registration system, employment, payment, skills training and social security interests, it finds out the causes of the shortage of migrant workers’rights in the construction industry, which are mainly due to system, legislation, people’s concept, finance, social security system as well as the rural migrant workers themselves. Finally the article reaches the measures to solve the above-mentioned problems. As many scholars have studied the problems of the rural migrant workers’rights and interests guarantee, this paper focuses on analyzing the protection of the rural migrant workers’rights and interests in the construction industry. In the study, this paper values the combination of theory with practice, statistical analysis with case analysis.Conclusions:(1)Reform the former rnethod of separating town from country, and implement harmony strategy for rural and urban household registration system,(2)Reform the existing employment system, and set up a mechanism that ensures equal employment opportunities for both urban and rural residents(,3)Perfect the existing legal system, which includes: establishing the intermediary company, making rules to protect salary, perfecting labor contract system, strengthening the administrative law enforcement, improving labor union laws and strengthening the migrant workers union(,4) Perfect the judicial system, including: implementing summary procedure, reducing the cost of litigation, conducting the burden of proof and establishing migrant workers aid system,(5)Strengthen skill training and education,(6)raise the migrant workers’level of, including: strengthening their legal awareness , improving their rights consciousness and establishing the migrant worker union to maintain their own rights and interests,(7)Establish the social security system for migrant workers, including: the inductrial injury insurance system, the migrant workers medical insurance system, the migrant workers unemployed security system and the endowment insurance system.
        

建筑行业农民工权益保障问题研究

中文摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-7
1 引言11-24
    1.1 本文研究的目的与意义11-14
    1.2 国内外研究现状综述14-21
        1.2.1 国外现状分析14-16
        1.2.2 国内现状分析16-21
    1.3 研究方法与研究内容21-22
        1.3.1 研究方法21-22
        1.3.2 研究内容22
    1.4 创新点与存在的不足之处22-24
        1.4.1 创新点22-23
        1.4.2 不足之处23-24
2 农民工权益保障相关概念的诠释、界定与理论分析24-30
    2.1 相关概念的诠释、界定24-27
        2.1.1 “农民工”的概念界定24-25
        2.1.2 农民工身份的概念界定25-26
        2.1.3 农民工权益的概念26
        2.1.4 农民工“权益保障”的内涵26-27
    2.2 农民工产生的背景分析27-30
        2.2.1 农民工产生的社会背景27
        2.2.2 农民工产生的经济因素27-28
        2.2.3 农民工产生的自身因素28-30
3 泰安市建筑行业农民工权益社会保障缺失的现实考察30-51
    3.1 调查资料说明31-32
    3.2 泰安市建筑业的现状32-33
    3.3 泰安市建筑行业农民工户籍制度权益保障的缺失33-35
        3.3.1 泰安市建筑行业农民工户籍制度权益保障的现状33-34
        3.3.2 泰安市建筑行业农民工户籍制度权益保障缺失的分析34-35
    3.4 泰安市建筑行业农民工就业权益保障的缺失35-40
        3.4.1 泰安市建筑行业农民工就业权益保障的现状36-38
        3.4.2 泰安市建筑行业农民工就业权益保障缺失的分析38-40
    3.5 泰安市建筑行业农民工劳动报酬权益保障的缺失40-43
        3.5.1 泰安市建筑行业农民工劳动报酬权益保障的现状40-43
        3.5.2 泰安市建筑行业农民工劳动报酬权益保障缺失的分析43
    3.6 泰安市建筑行业农民工技能培训权益保障的缺失43-45
        3.6.1 泰安市建筑行业农民工技能培训权益保障的现状43-44
        3.6.2 泰安市建筑行业农民工技能培训权益保障的缺失分析44-45
    3.7 泰安建筑行业民工社会保障权益保障的缺失45-51
        3.7.1 泰安市建筑行业农民工社会保障权益缺失的现状45-47
        3.7.2 泰安市建筑行业农民工工伤保险缺失的现状47-48
        3.7.3 泰安市建筑行业农民工疾病医疗保险现状48-49
        3.7.4 泰安市建筑行业农民工养老保险现状49-50
        3.7.5 泰安市建筑行业农民工失业保险的现状50-51
4 导致建筑行业农民工权益的社会保障缺失的原因51-62
    4.1 体制上的原因51-52
    4.2 立法上的原因52-54
    4.3 观念上的原因54-56
        4.3.1 外界的观念54-55
        4.3.2 社会的观念55-56
    4.4 财力上的原因56
    4.5 社会保障制度执行不力的原因56-57
    4.6 建筑行业农民工自身的原因57-62
        4.6.1 文化素质57
        4.6.2 法律意识57-59
        4.6.3 组织文化程度59-62
5 保障建筑行业农民工权益的对策62-75
    5.1 改革“城乡分治”的二元治理体制,实行城乡统筹的户籍制度62-64
    5.2 改革现有就业制度,建立城乡平等就业机制64
    5.3 完善现有的法律体系64-66
        5.3.1 建立中介公司,制定薪金保护制度64
        5.3.2 完善劳动合同制度64-65
        5.3.3 加强行政执法力度65
        5.3.4 完善工会法,加强农民工的工会组织65-66
    5.4 完善司法制度66-67
        5.4.1 推行简易程序,降低诉讼成本66
        5.4.2 设立举证责任倒置制度66-67
        5.4.3 建立农民工援助体系67
    5.5 加强技能培训及教育67-68
    5.6 提高建筑行业农民工自身水平68-69
        5.6.1 学习法律意识,提高自身维权意识68-69
        5.6.2 成立农民工工会,维护自身权益69
    5.7 建立面向建筑行业农民工的社会保障体系69-75
        5.7.1 建立农民工工伤保险制度70-71
        5.7.2 建立农民工的医疗保险制度71-73
        5.7.3 建立农民工的失业保障制度73
        5.7.4 建立农民工的养老保险制度73-75
6 结语75-76
参考文献76-80
附录80-82
致谢82-83
在读学位期间取得的主要学术成果83
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