杭州市主导产业选择研究

Research on the Choice of Leading Industries in Hangzhou City

作者: 专业:区域经济学 导师:章守明 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 浙江理工大学

Keywords

Leading industries, the choice of leading industries, Evaluation systems, Principal component analysis, Hangzhou city

        无论是世界各国经济发展的历史还是经济理论的研究都表明,主导产业的发展是区域经济发展的重要内容之一。区域主导产业标志着一个区域的产业优势所在,代表着区域产业未来的发展方向。主导产业作为一个区域不同发展阶段的经济增长点,能够使区域潜在的经济优势得到最大限度的发挥,使区域资源得到有效的利用,并能促使区域之间建立协调的经济关系。改革开放以来,杭州市的经济得到了极大的发展,形成了独特的区域优势。但随着省内其他城市的发展,杭州市作为浙江省经济中心的地位受到了越来越多的挑战。2008年以来的金融危机给杭州市的经济发展带来了极大的不利影响。未来一段时期是杭州市深入学习实践科学发展观、全面落实市委市政府提出的各项战略目标的重要时期,也是杭州市积极应对国内外发展环境重大变化,加快推进经济转型升级,实现全面建设小康社会提前基本实现现代化的关键时期。如何在当前新形势下,选择未来一段时期适合杭州市经济发展的主导产业,发挥主导产业的带动作用,优化产业结构,促进杭州市的经济发展,是杭州市政府目前面临的一项刻不容缓的任务。基于对以上问题的认识,本文从理论、定量及定性分析等三个角度,对杭州市主导产业的选择作了深入的研究。本文首先对与主导产业相关的概念和理论进行了梳理,并回顾分析了前人的一些主要研究成果,指出相关研究的不足,在此基础上提出了本文研究的方向和重点。接着,本文从主导产业选择的原则、基准、指标体系及评价方法等四个方面来构建杭州市主导产业选择的模型。然后,文章运用已构建的主导产业选择模型,对杭州市的主导产业进行了实证分析。文章从杭州市经济发展的总体概述、产业结构的分析及工业化进程判断来对杭州市经济发展现状做了分析。在上述理论和实际分析的基础上,文章运用主成分分析法对杭州市的37个工业产业进行了选择,从而确定主导产业的备选产业。最后,结合杭州市主导产业的演化、相关产业规划的结果和各备选产业的具体分析,提出了在未来一段时期把装备制造业、医药制造业和纺织业作为杭州市的主导产业来发展。
    Both the economic development history of countries in the world and economic theories study have shown that the development of leading industries plays an important part in regional economic development. The regional leading industry indicates the industrial advantages and represents the future of regional industries. Leading industries as a strong strength of economic growth in different stages of regional development can exert the potential economic advantages, so that the regional resources can be effectively used. It can also promote to establish coordination economic relations between different regions.Since year 1978, Hangzhou’s economy has greatly developed and now it has formed a unique regional advantage. But with the development of other cities in Zhejiang province, the economic center status of Hangzhou has got growing number of challenges. The financial crisis which began 2008 has brought huge adverse effects to the economic development of Hangzhou. The next period is very important time to practice the scientific concept of development and to full implement the target bring forward by the Hangzhou government. It also the key time to response to the significant changes in domestic and international environment, to accelerate economic transformation and to upgrading to achieve well-off society. So, to select a series of leading industries is now an urgent task faced by Hangzhou government. The leading industries should adapt to the overall economic development of Hangzhou, and it should play an important in optimizing the industrial structure and promoting the economic development.Based on the above background, this thesis prepare from theory, quantitative and qualitative points of view to research the leading industries in Hangzhou. The thesis firstly sorts the concepts and theories which associated with the leading industry. Next, we review the key research results by the predecessors, and the lack of the study on the basis of this study, we bring forward the directions and focus of this thesis. Then, we construct the choice models of the leading industries in Hangzhou from the leading industry of choice principles, benchmarks, and indicators system and evaluation methods. Then, we put forward the choice models for choosing the leading industry in Hangzhou to conduct an empirical analysis. The thesis analyzed the economic development in Hangzhou from a general overview of the economic development, the industrialization process analysis. In the above-mentioned theoretical and practical analysis, the thesis applies the principal component analysis to analyze the 37 industries in Hangzhou to choose the leading industry. Finally, on the results of qualitative analysis, the historical evolution of the leading industries and detail analysis about each industry we take the equipment manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and textiles as Hangzhou’s leading industries.
        

杭州市主导产业选择研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
1 引言9-15
    1.1 研究的背景及意义9-10
        1.1.1 研究的背景9
        1.1.2 研究的意义9-10
    1.2 研究的思路和内容10-12
    1.3 研究的方法、重点及创新点12-15
        1.3.1 研究的方法12
        1.3.2 研究的重点12-13
        1.3.3 研究的创新点13-15
2 相关研究综述15-29
    2.1 产业及主导产业的内涵15-18
        2.1.1 产业的内涵15-16
        2.1.2 主导产业的内涵16-18
    2.2 主导产业选择研究综述18-27
        2.2.1 国外主导产业选择理论综述18-21
        2.2.2 国内主导产业选择研究综述21-27
    2.3 杭州市主导产业选择研究综述27-29
3 杭州市主导产业选择模型的构建29-39
    3.1 主导产业选择的原则29-30
        3.1.1 比较优势原则29
        3.1.2 市场需求原则29
        3.1.3 技术进步原则29
        3.1.4 社会效益原则29-30
    3.2 主导产业选择的基准30-31
        3.2.1 需求收入弹性基准30
        3.2.2 产业关联度基准30
        3.2.3 生产率上升率基准30-31
        3.2.4 比较优势基准31
        3.2.5 产业规模基准31
    3.3 主导产业选择的指标体系31-36
    3.4 主导产业选择的评价方法36-39
4 杭州市主导产业选择的实证分析39-59
    4.1 杭州市经济发展的现状分析39-43
        4.1.1 经济发展的概述39-40
        4.1.2 产业结构分析40-41
        4.1.3 工业化进程判断41-43
    4.2 杭州市主导产业选择研究43-59
        4.2.1 杭州市主导产业选择的定量分析43-48
        4.2.2 杭州市主导产业选择的定性分析48-58
        4.2.3 杭州市主导产业的确定58-59
5 杭州市主导产业发展的对策分析59-62
    5.1 优化产业发展环境,加快经济发展59-60
    5.2 完善主导产业规划,加快产业布局60
    5.3 促进优势企业发展,增强市场竞争力60-61
    5.4 推进企业技术创新,优化产业结构61-62
6 本文研究的结论与不足62-64
参考文献64-68
致谢68-69
附录69-76
攻读学位期间的研究成果76
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