浙江省优势产业选择研究

The Choice Research on the Advantage Industry of Zhejiang Province

作者: 专业:产业经济学 导师:郑亚莉 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 浙江理工大学

Keywords

Zhejiang, advantage industry, Evaluation index, Principal component analysis

        一个地区的优势产业对于调整当地的产业结构布局,加快产业转型和升级,促进地区经济和环境的协调健康发展有着重大作用。面对当前国际产业转移的新浪潮,浙江如何依据自身的实际情况,选择优势产业并通过其发展,促进产业的快速转型和升级,实现浙江“先进制造业基地”的目标,这是浙江面临的重大决策问题。本文主要依据浙江经济现状和当前浙江产业的发展困境,对如何选择浙江优势产业进行了研究。首先,本文在比较优势理论和竞争优势理论研究优势产业的基础上,结合经济与环境的关系,引入可持续发展理论作为优势产业理论的补充。进而对优势产业概念进行界定,并分析优势产业的特征及相关的产业概念。之后提出了优势产业的选择原则,并通过对产业选择基准、方法的研究,得出评价优势产业的最佳基准和方法。其次,在分析浙江经济发展现状及产业发展困境的基础上,结合浙江省经济的自身特征,提出选择浙江优势产业的评价指标体系,之后通过运用主成分分析方法得出浙江省各产业的具体评价,并据此选择出浙江的优势产业。最后,为了进一步透析浙江优势产业的问题所在,本文进行了优势产业分析及优势产业的区域比较,并根据当前产业状况及内在的问题提出了发展优势产业的建议对策。
    The advantage industry of a region plays a very important role of adjusting layout of industrial structure, speeding up industrial transformation and upgrading, promoting regional economy and the environment with coordinated and healthy development. Facing the new trend of international industrial transformation, in order to promote industry transformation and upgrading, and finally achieve the goal of "advanced manufacturing industry base", Zhejiang have to make an imprtant decision of how to choose advantage industry basing on its own actual situation and how to develop them.In the background of the Zhejiang economic situation and the problems in the development of Zhejiang industries,the paper intends to makes a research on how to choose the appropriate advantage industry.Firstly, based on the theory of comparative advantage and competitive advantage theories,combining with the relation of environmental and economic, this paper introduces the sustainable development theory as the complement of the theory of advantage industry. Furthermore, the paper defines concept of advantage industry and analyzes the characteristics and compares the relevant industry concepts. Then, the paper puts forward the selection principle of advantage industry and the best choice datum and method of the advantage industry through the study of the existing choosing datums and evaluation methods.Secondly, based on the analysis of Zhejiang economic situation and industrial development dilemma, combining with the feature of the Zhejiang economic situation, the paper propose the evaluation index system of Zhejiang advantage industry, and then give the principal evaluation by using principal component analysis method and choose the advantage industry of Zhejiang.Finally, in order to further dialyze the problem of Zhejiang advantage industry, this paper gives the analysis and compared research of the advantage industry and proposes the suggestion of Zhejiang advantage industry development on the basis of analysis of the problems.
        

浙江省优势产业选择研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论9-13
    1.1 研究的背景9-10
    1.2 研究目的及意义10
    1.3 研究内容、方法、可能创新点及不足10-13
        1.3.1 研究内容及技术路线10-11
        1.3.2 研究方法11-12
        1.3.3 可能创新点及不足12-13
2 优势产业的相关理论及研究现状13-27
    2.1 优势产业的相关理论13-18
        2.1.1 比较优势理论与竞争优势理论13-16
        2.1.2 比较优势理论和竞争优势理论的关系16-17
        2.1.3 可持续发展理论17-18
    2.2 优势产业研究现状18-23
        2.2.1 关于优势产业的内涵研究18-20
        2.2.2 优势产业的识别和选择20-23
    2.3 优势产业内涵的界定及特征分析23-27
        2.3.1 优势产业内涵的界定23-24
        2.3.2 优势产业特征分析24-25
        2.3.3 优势产业与相关产业概念的区别25-27
3 优势产业的选择原则、基准及方法的确定27-34
    3.1 优势产业的选择原则27-28
        3.1.1 一般原则27-28
        3.1.2 具体原则28
    3.2 优势产业的选择基准28-30
        3.2.1 常用基准评述28-29
        3.2.2 优势产业的选择基准29-30
    3.3 优势产业选择的方法30-34
        3.3.1 常用评价方法的综合评述30-32
        3.3.2 优势产业评价方法的确定32-34
4 浙江优势产业选择34-70
    4.1 浙江经济状况分析34-43
        4.1.1 基础状况分析34-36
        4.1.2 浙江产业发展状况36-39
        4.1.3 浙江产业发展困境39-43
        4.1.4 浙江优势产业发展的必要性43
    4.2 浙江优势产业评价指标设计及分析43-57
        4.2.1 评价指标的设计原则43-44
        4.2.2 优势产业评价指标设计及分析44-57
    4.3 优势产业选择57-63
        4.3.1 数据搜集及整理57
        4.3.2 主成分分析57-61
        4.3.3 计算产业综合得分及排名61-62
        4.3.4 浙江优势产业的选取62-63
    4.4 优势产业分析63-65
        4.4.1 劳动、技术密集型产业优势分析63-64
        4.4.2 资本技术密集型产业优势分析64-65
    4.5 优势产业的区域比较65-70
        4.5.1 基于DEA 相对技术效率比较65-67
        4.5.2 基于产业相对集中度比较67-68
        4.5.3 基于创新能力比较68-70
5 结论及对策建议70-74
    5.1 结论70
    5.2 优势产业发展对策建议70-74
6 展望74-75
参考文献75-79
致谢79-80
附录80-84
攻读学位期间的研究成果84
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