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赤峰市退耕还林还草政策实施调查及理性思考

The Investigation and Rational Speculation about Implementation of the Policy of Returning Farmland to Forest in Chifeng

作者: 专业:科学技术哲学 导师:王子彦 年度:2010  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

        中国自2002年在全国范围内全面启动退耕还林工程以来,取得了举世瞩目的成就,尤其是对于生态严重脆弱的西部地区,退耕还林工程基本遏制了生态环境不断恶化的趋势,使生态环境开始向良性方向发展。不仅如此,它还促使农业产业结构调整,帮助农民增产增收,促进广大农牧民生产生活方式进步,有利于区域经济发展,经济效益和社会效益显著。退耕还林还草政策实施的好坏,关系到西部地区生态环境能否改善,关系到农牧民的生活收入能否得到提高,他们的长远利益能否得到保证,还涉及到农村牧区经济结构调整、剩余劳动力转移等一系列与地区社会经济发展密切相关的重大问题。本文首先阐述了中国退耕还林还草政策的背景和实施情况,介绍了研究区赤峰市的自然条件和社会经济条件,以及退耕还林还草工程开展的现状。本文以内蒙古赤峰市的巴林左旗、翁牛特旗和松山区三个旗县区为具体研究对象,通过调查走访和问卷调查等方式,研究了解赤峰市农村牧区退耕还林还草工程的实施情况、农牧民对政策的认知情况和参与情况、以及他们对政府的退耕还林政策的反馈和期望。在此基础上,重点讨论政府政策中涉及到的生态环境、政府和农牧民三个因素以及它们之间的辨证关系,阐明了赤峰市作为贫困地区和民族地区开展退耕还林还草工程的特点,指出退耕还林还草政策实施过程中的问题,并提出相应的对策和建议。
    Since the project of Returning Farmland to Forest was carried out nationwide in China in 2002, its effectiveness has been witnessed by the whole world. It is just due to the project that the worsening ecological environment turns round to develop in the positive direction. Besides, it has been promoting the adjustment of agricultural structure, thanks to which, peasants and herdsmen are becoming better in both income and lifestyle. Altogether, the project has been bringing significant economic and social benefits, especially to western region, where the ecological system is more fragile. A series of crucial issues such as adjusting the economic structure in rural and pastoral areas、transferring surplus labor force、increasing the peasants’ income and guaranteeing their long-term interests are closely related to the implementation of the policy.In this dissertation, the background and implementation of China’s Returning Farmland to Forest is introduced firstly, and then the natural and socio-economic conditions of Chifeng as well as its implementation of the policy follows. Taking Balinyouqi district、wengniuteqi district and Song Shan district as the examples, the author, by visiting for inquiry and using questionnaires, investigates the situation of returning farmland to forest in the area, and surveys the peasants’ and herdsmen’s cognition and participation in the policy as well as their feedback and expectations towards it. The government the issues on ecological environment in its policy and their relationship with the peasants and herdsmen are the focuses of the paper. Exactly speaking, the characteristics of carrying out the project of Returning Farmland to Forest in Chifeng, the poverty-stricken minority area, is demonstrated. And the problems are pointed out. On this basis, some solutions and suggestions are put forward.
        

赤峰市退耕还林还草政策实施调查及理性思考

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-14
    1.1 研究背景8-10
        1.1.1 退耕还林还草的背景8-9
        1.1.2 我国退耕还林还草的实施情况9-10
    1.2 研究目的与意义10-11
    1.3 国内外实践与研究概况11-14
        1.3.1 国外实践与研究概况11
        1.3.2 国内实践与研究概况11-14
2 研究区概况及研究方法14-20
    2.1 赤峰市概况14-18
        2.1.1 赤峰市自然条件概况14
        2.1.2 赤峰市社会经济条件概况14-15
        2.1.3 赤峰地区土地沙漠化现状及退耕还林还草政策实施情况15-18
    2.2 研究方法18-20
        2.2.1 调查方法18
        2.2.2 问卷设计18-19
        2.2.3 调查实施19-20
3 数据分析20-29
    3.1 家庭基本情况20-21
    3.2 农牧民对退耕还林还草政策的认知情况21-23
    3.3 农牧民对退耕还林还草政策的参与情况23-26
    3.4 农牧民生活环境的变化情况26-27
    3.5 农牧民对退耕还林还草工作的评价和建议27-29
4 调查结论29-45
    4.1 影响退耕还林还草政策实施的因素29-35
        4.1.1 农牧民的意愿和行为29-30
        4.1.2 政府30-32
        4.1.3 自然环境32-33
        4.1.4 上述三者之间的关系33-35
    4.2 研究区退耕还林还草政策实施状况的特点35-37
        4.2.1 国家在退耕还林还草政策实施中运用了计划和经济手段35-36
        4.2.2 退耕还林还草政策的实施是严格、迅速和自上而下的执行方式36
        4.2.3 多部门,多领域之间互相协作36-37
        4.2.4 政策的实施关系到少数民族地区的发展与稳定37
    4.3 退耕还林还草政策实施过程中的问题37-40
        4.3.1 退耕还林还草政策补贴发放结束后的问题37-39
        4.3.2 政策制定和执行中的问题39-40
    4.4 对策建议40-45
        4.4.1 退耕还林还草工程法律体系的完善40-42
        4.4.2 发挥地方政府的组织领导作用42-43
        4.4.3 农牧民利用退耕还林还草政策要创新思路43-45
结论45-47
参考文献47-49
附录 对赤峰市退耕还林还草政策农牧民反馈信息调查49-52
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况52-53
致谢53-55
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