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我国火力发电引发环境问题的伦理思考

Ethical Reflection on Environmental Problems Caused by Thermal Power Generation in China

作者: 专业:伦理学 导师:王子彦 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

Thermal Power, Environmental Responsibility, EnvironmentalJustice, Sustainable Development

        电力工业是为国民经济发展提供能源的基础性行业,同时也是社会发展和人民生活的公用性事业。由于我国的能源结构是以煤炭为主,火力发电一直在我国的电力结构中占据主导地位,并且还将在很长一段时期内继续保持这种状态。然而火电燃煤引发了一系列环境问题,给社会发展和人民健康带来了威胁。因此我国火力发电能否解决环境问题,实现与环境的和谐发展具有重要的战略意义。本文旨在通过对环境问题的具体考察和原因分析,结合环境责任和环境正义的相关理论,明确政府、企业和公众各自应该承担的环境责任,对解决我国火力发电引发的环境问题提出有参考价值的措施。论文共分为四个部分:绪论部分阐明了研究的背景及意义,指出加快从伦理角度对火力发电引发的环境问题进行思考具有重要的现实意义和理论意义。论文第二部分分析了火电在我国电力结构中的地位,并对其引发的环境问题做了详细阐述,主要包括加速了能源危机,加剧了生态破坏,加重了环境污染。在对环境问题有了充分认识的基础上,论文第三章分析了环境问题产生的原因,主要有以下几点:认识上的误区,技术的滥用,传统发展模式和体制结构的限制,资源与环境责任分配不公正。要解决环境问题,就必须处理好人与自然之间的关系以及人与人之间的关系。根据环境责任和环境正义的理论,人对自然应该承担起责任,并且这种责任的履行必须建立在公正的社会制度和合理的分配方式基础之上。最后,本文指出我国火力发电实施可持续发展战略意义重大,它的实现则需要在政府、企业和公众中实现环境责任的合理担当。具体说来,政府应当承担起正确的导向责任,各火电企业必须负担起节能减排的主体责任,公众则需要在日常生活和消费行为中践行节俭的美德。
    The power industries, which provide energy for the development of national economy, are the basic industries and the public enterprises of social development and people’s life. Due to the coal-dominated energy structure, thermal power generation has dominated the electrical power structure in our country and this actuality will keep for a long time. However, the coal-fired thermal power has caused a series of environmental problems and threatened to the development of society and people’s health. Therefore, it has strategic significance to research whether thermal power can solve the environmental problems and realize harmonious development with environment.On the base of surveying environmental problems and analyzing their reasons, combining with the theories of environmental responsibility and environmental justice, this paper intended to clarify the environmental responsibility which government, enterprises and public should undertake, and then puts forward some valuable measures to solve the environmental problems produced by thermal power generation in China. The thesis is made up of four parts:First, this thesis introduces the research background and significance, and points out that it has important practical and theoretical significance to speed up the consideration from an ethical angle to the environmental problems caused by thermal power generation.Next, this paper analyzes the thermal power status in China’s electrical power structure, and describes the environmental problems in detail, including the acceleration of energy crisis, increased ecological damage, and aggravation of environmental pollution.With the full awareness of environmental issues, the third chapter analyzes the reasons of environmental problems, which mainly have the flowing points:misunderstanding, technology abusing, limits of the traditional development model and system structure, and the unfair distribution of resources and environmental responsibility. To solve these problems, we must deal with the relationship between human and nature, as well as the relationship between the people. In accordance with the theories of environmental responsibility and environmental justice, people should assume responsibility for nature, and to fulfill this kind of responsibility, we must establish a fair social system and a reasonable way of distribution foundation. Finally, this paper proposes that implement the strategy of sustainable development in China’s thermal power generation is of great significance, and to achieve this, we must realize that government, enterprises and public should undertake reasonable environmental responsibility. Specifically, government must take the correct guidance responsibility, and thermal power enterprises should undertake the main responsibility for energy saving and emission reduction, and public need to practice the thrifty morals in daily life and consuming behaviors.
        

我国火力发电引发环境问题的伦理思考

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
1 绪论9-16
    1.1 选题背景与选题意义9-10
        1.1.1 选题背景9
        1.1.2 选题意义9-10
    1.2 研究现状10-14
        1.2.1 国内外研究现状10-14
        1.2.2 存在的问题及研究目标14
    1.3 研究方法及创新点14-16
        1.3.1 研究方法14
        1.3.2 创新点14-16
2 我国火力发电的发展现状及其引发的环境问题16-22
    2.1 我国火力发电的基本情况16-17
        2.1.1 我国的电力结构16-17
        2.1.2 我国火力发电的发展现状17
    2.2 火力发电引发的环境问题17-22
        2.2.1 加速了能源危机18-19
        2.2.2 加剧了生态破坏19-20
        2.2.3 加重了环境污染20-22
3 我国火力发电引发环境问题的分析与阐释22-35
    3.1 我国火力发电引发环境问题的原因22-26
        3.1.1 认识上的误区22-23
        3.1.2 技术的滥用23-24
        3.1.3 传统发展模式24-25
        3.1.4 体制结构限制25-26
        3.1.5 资源与环境责任分配不公正26
    3.2 火力发电引发环境问题的伦理考量26-35
        3.2.1 人与自然——自然的权利与人的责任26-29
        3.2.2 人与人——主体差异与环境正义的实现29-35
4 解决我国火力发电引发的环境问题的伦理实践35-47
    4.1 实施可持续发展战略35-38
        4.1.1 我国火力发电实施可持续发展战略的意义35-36
        4.1.2 我国火力发电可持续发展的内涵36-37
        4.1.3 我国火力发电可持续发展战略的实施主体37-38
    4.2 实现环境责任的合理担当38-47
        4.2.1 政府的导向责任38-40
        4.2.2 企业的主体责任40-44
        4.2.3 公众的道德责任44-47
结论47-48
参考文献48-52
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况52-53
致谢53-55
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