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《文子》的实践智慧思想研究

A Study on Practical Wisdom of WENZI

作者: 专业:伦理学 导师:王国豫 年度:2010  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

        《文子》在继承老子道论的基础之上广泛吸收了儒、墨、名、法等各家的思想,形成了自己特有的体系。《文子》的道论认为道是世界的本体,是世界运行变化的规律;道虽无声无形,却生育万物并为万物所用;道的先天性、虚空性、规律性,决定了人必须效法于道,并要持守道的特征。在这样的思想体系之下,《文子》有着独特的实践智慧思想。《文子》的实践智慧,可以概括为人与自然关系上的“顺应自然”、人与人关系上的“无为而治”和人与自身关系上的“养性修身”三个方面。这是人们在得道的情况下的实践智慧,得道之人只需要顺从于道就可以运道而不阻了。同时《文子》还指出了人们在失道的情况下的实践智慧,即“权”的智慧和“智”的智慧,二者都意味着在失道的情况下人们对世界无时无刻的变的一种能动把握:“权”是人们的能动选择,“智”则指人们的选择能力。《文子》的实践智慧思想,具有整体性、自为性和动态性的特征。其当代意义可以概括为三个方面:第一,为解决自然内在价值问题和“人与自然的关系”问题提供了思路;第二,在美德伦理学方面丰富了实践智慧的含义;第三,对于改变工业文明下的思维方式和生产生活方式、建设低碳社会起到积极作用。
    Wenzi has widely absorbed in kinds of the ideology including Confucianism, Mohism, Logician and Legalism on the basic of Laozi’s Taoist and formed its own specific system. In the view of Wenzi, Dao is the ontology of the world and also the rule of the world. Meanwhile, Dao is pregnant with all things and invisible for everything though it is silent and intangible. We must follow the Dao and keep the Dao’s characters as a result of its apriority, nothingness and regularity.Wenzi has unique ideas of practical wisdom which can be summed up in three aspects: the relationship between human and nature is the "following the Nature"; in interpersonal relations is the "noninterference"; in human beings themselves is the "human’s self-cultivation". All of these must be on the condition that you understand Dao, for this you can make the best use of it. On the contrary, the practical wisdom is "Tradeoff" and "Wisdom" if you can’t understand Dao. Tradeoff means the subjective activity and Wisdom means the ability of making choices.The practical wisdom of Wenzi can be summarized in three characteristics:whole, subjective initiative and dynamic. The contemporary significance of Wenzi’s practical wisdom has three aspects:Firstly, it has a role when we solve the problem of the inherent value of nature and the relationship between human and nature. Secondly, it enriches the practical wisdom on Virtue ethics. Thirdly, it has played a positive role when we are reforming the way of thinking and lifestyle under the industrial civilization and constructing the low-carbon society.
        

《文子》的实践智慧思想研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
目录6-8
第1章 绪论8-12
    1.1 选题背景和选题意义8
    1.2 国内外研究现状8-11
        1.2.1 国内研究现状8-11
        1.2.2 国外研究现状11
    1.3 研究方法与创新点11-12
第2章 《文子》实践智慧的内容12-24
    2.1 实践智慧的概念12-13
    2.2 《文子》实践智慧的体现13-18
        2.2.1 顺应自然15-16
        2.2.2 无为而治16-17
        2.2.3 养性修身17-18
    2.3 实践智慧与"权"、"智"的关系18-24
        2.3.1 实践智慧与"权"的关系18-20
        2.3.2 实践智慧与"智"的关系20-24
第3章 《文子》实践智慧的特征24-28
    3.1 整体性25-26
    3.2 自为性26
    3.3 动态性26-28
第4章 《文子》实践智慧的当代意义28-34
    4.1 对建构生态伦理学的意义28-29
    4.2 对美德伦理学的重要价值29-30
    4.3 对建设低碳社会的意义30-34
        4.3.1 《文子》实践智慧所依循的思维模式31
        4.3.2 《文子》实践智慧所提倡的生活方式31-32
        4.3.3 《文子》的实践智慧与低碳社会32-34
结论34-35
参考文献35-37
硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况37-38
致谢38-40
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