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社会进步标准的当代阐释

Contemporary Explanation of the Social Progress Standards

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:文成伟 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

the Social Progress Standards, Measure of Matter, Measure of Human Beings, Alienation

        只要人类社会存在,进步和发展就不难停滞。而如何确认社会进步的标准,尤其在人们价值观念千差万别的现代社会,无论对于确认人类历史发展进程中的地位还是对于促进整个社会的和谐、稳定、健康发展,都具有举足轻重的地位。本文通过对社会本质的分析,说明确认社会进步标准的逻辑起点是立足于实践的基础之上的,人类的实践活动决定了人类社会是一个有机的整体,而社会有机体的基础是生产方式的内在矛盾,社会发展就是在解决社会自身矛盾中不断前进的,这就在理论上为社会进步标准的阐述奠定了基础;通过对社会进步标准的梳理,指出社会进步的标准是以生产力为核心的物的尺度和以人的发展为目标的人的尺度的统一,前者是后者的物质基础,后者是前者的终极目标,二者是辩证统一的;通过对社会进步标准面临的困境,即理论困境和现实困境的关注,提出了应对的一些设想和举措,主要包括辩证看待理论界的一些观点对社会进步标准根基的冲击,正确看待社会发展中的异化现象,用历史的、发展的眼光看待社会进程中出现的一系列问题。社会进步标准理论体现了科学与价值、理想与现实的统一,是剖析现代社会的一把钥匙。对社会进步标准问题的研究,最终落脚点是当代的中国现实。正确解决标准中存在的问题,对于我国更好的进行社会主义现代化建设,避免现代性所带来的种种弊端,构建社会主义和谐社会,促进人的自由而全面发展有重要的启示和指导作用。
    As long as human society exists, progress and development will not stop. However, how to confirm the standards, especially in the modern society, where people’s value differs in thousands of ways, it is very important to the confirmation of human historical development process and the harmony, stability and health development of the social.The author analyses the social nature, shows that the logical confirmation of the social progress standards is based on practice. Human practice determines that the human society is an organism. The base of the organism is the internal contradiction of mode of production, social developments in the progress of solving internal contradiction. As a result, these lay the foundation of explaining the social progress standards; By means of combing the contents of the standards, indicates that the social progress standards is unifies in, measure of matter which with the core of productivity, and measure of human beings which with the development of human, the former is the matter basis of the latter, the latter is the ultimate goal of the former, both are dialectical unity. Noticing the ideal and reality dilemmas the standards faces, the author puts forward some assumptions, including viewing from a dialectical perspective to see the theoretical workers’objections, forming right attitudes to the alienation phenomenon, viewing these issues from a historical and developmental perspective.The social progress standards theory embodies the unification of science and value, ideal and reality. It is a key to anatomize the modern society. The final stand of the research into the social progress standards is contemporary China. Correctly solve the problems existing in the standard has important apocalypse and directive function to help our country carry on the socialistic modernization construction better, avoid various abuses that the modernity brings, building socialistic harmonious society and promote the all-round development of people.
        

社会进步标准的当代阐释

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 导言8-15
    1.1 选题依据8
        1.1.1 选题背景8
        1.1.2 研究意义8
    1.2 国内外研究综述8-14
        1.2.1 国外研究综述8-12
        1.2.2 国内研究综述12-14
    1.3 研究思路与方法14-15
        1.3.1 研究思路14
        1.3.2 研究方法14-15
2 社会的本质15-20
    2.1 社会的实践本质15-16
    2.2 社会的整体性16-17
    2.3 社会进步的必然性17-20
3 标准分析——物的尺度与人的尺度的统一20-28
    3.1 评价标准及其界定20-21
    3.2 以生产力为核心的物的尺度21-23
        3.2.1 生产力的内涵及特征21-22
        3.2.2 生产力的尺度分析22-23
    3.3 以人的发展为核心的人的尺度23-26
        3.3.1 人的本质23-24
        3.3.2 人的发展的尺度分析24-26
    3.4 两种尺度的辩证关系26-28
4 社会进步标准的当代困境及回应28-40
    4.1 社会进步标准的困境28-35
        4.1.1 理论困境28-31
        4.1.2 现实困境31-35
    4.2 社会进步标准困境的回应35-40
        4.2.1 对理论困境的回应35-38
        4.2.2 对现实困境的回应38-40
结论40-41
参考文献41-43
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况43-44
致谢44-46
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