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全球化背景下的文化义务

Cultural Obligations in the Context of Globalization

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:洪晓楠 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

Cultural Obligations, Cultural Rights, Globalization, Practice

        随着生产力的发展,全球化已经成为不可逆转的历史潮流,这必将对人类的文化实践活动产生深远的影响,通过对全球化背景下的文化义务的剖析来批判全球化是一种崭新的角度。文化义务内在的融合文化和义务的属性,文化义务作为人类的文化实践活动,既遵循人类历史发展的轨迹,又具有不同地域的特殊性。文化义务的履行是主体改造自然、社会和人本身的过程及结果,主体是历史的具体的人,由此决定了文化义务的实践性、历史性和创造性,文化义务是一个系统,这个系统既有内在性,即物质层面的、制度层面的与精神层面的文化义务,它统一于主体改造客体的文化实践活动中,同时文化义务的系统也有外在性,即文化权利和文化义务是不可分割的。文化义务在全球化的冲击下正发生着深刻的变化。文化义务的性质、内容、实现手段和作用方式四个方面在全球化影响下都发生了显著的变化,而这种变化导致文化义务的履行面临机遇也面临挑战,以文化霸权为取向的全球化不仅割裂了文化权利和文化义务的统一,而且也使文化义务背离了自己的本质,这让文化义务的履行陷入了困境。因此,就需要我们对文化义务进行重构。文化义务的重构既有理论依据也有现实依据,文化义务和文化权利的统一既有可能性,也有必要性。在人类的文化实践活动中,人们享有的文化权利和履行的文化义务在总量上是相等的。文化义务的履行要在科学发展观的指导下,大力发展文化生产力,营造和谐的文化,同时个人要树立正确的文化义务观。
    With the development of productive forces, globalization has become an irreversiblly historical trend, and it will boundly effect human cultural practices, to criticize globalization by analysing cultural obligations in the context of globalization is a new point of view of globalization.Cultural obligations inherently convergence properties of cultures and obligations, as human cultural practice,not only dose cultural obligations follow the trajectory of human history, but also has the particularity of different regions. To perform culture obligations is subject transforming nature, society and themself,the subject is specific men in the history, which determines practicality,historic and creativeness of culture obligations, cultural obligations is a system, it dose not only have internality,ie,material, institutional, and spiritual cultural obligations are uniting in the cultural practices, while the system of cultural obligations also has externality, ie, cultural rights and cultural obligations are inseparable.Cultural obligations under the impact of globalization, is undergoing profound change. Four aspects of cultural obligations as the nature, contents, means and modes of action is changing significantly under globalization, which produces opportunities and challenge of performing the cultural obligations, globalization oriented to cultural hegemony dose not only separate the cultural rights and cultural obligations, but also leads cultural obligations to alienation, which makes perform the cultural obligations hard.So need us to reconstruct cultural obligations. The reconstruction of the cultural obligations has theoretical and realistic basis, unification of cultural rights and cultural obligations is not possible, but also necessary. In human cultural practices, the total of the cultural rights and cultural obligations is equal. How to perform cultural obligations is under the guidance of scientific outlook on development, vigorously developing the cultural productivity,and creating harmonious culture, and individuals establishing correct view of cultural obligations.
        

全球化背景下的文化义务

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-13
    1.1 选题依据8
    1.2 国内外研究现状8-11
    1.3 研究的意义11
    1.4 主要研究方法11-13
2 文化义务的理论分析13-28
    2.1 文化义务概念分析13-17
        2.1.1 文化义务的内涵13-15
        2.1.2 文化义务的外延15-17
    2.2 文化义务的特征17-19
        2.2.1 文化义务的实践性17-18
        2.2.2 文化义务的创造性18-19
        2.2.3 文化义务的历史性19
        2.2.4 文化义务的开放性19
    2.3 文化义务的系统架构19-25
        2.3.1 文化义务的要素20-22
        2.3.2 文化义务的结构22-24
        2.3.3 文化义务的功能24-25
    2.4 文化义务的实现条件25-28
        2.4.1 文化义务的主体能力25
        2.4.2 文化义务的权利保证25-26
        2.4.3 文化义务的制约机制26-28
3 文化义务在全球化背景下面临的机遇和挑战28-37
    3.1 文化义务在全球化影响下发生的变化28-31
        3.1.1 文化义务由内敛性转向外显性28
        3.1.2 文化义务的内容由固定少变改为频繁剧变28-29
        3.1.3 文化义务的实现手段由中心辐射为主变为内外互动为主29-30
        3.1.4 文化义务作用方式由民族认同指向民族认异30-31
    3.2 文化义务履行面临的困境31-37
        3.2.1 文化义务主体的异化31-32
        3.2.2 文化义务的价值危机32-33
        3.2.3 文化义务的非受迫性强制33-34
        3.2.4 文化义务与文化权利统一性的悖论34-37
4 文化义务在全球化背景下的重构37-43
    4.1 重构的依据37-39
        4.1.1 理论依据37-38
        4.1.2 现实依据38-39
    4.2 重构的途径39-43
        4.2.1 国家要发展先进文化的文化义务39-40
        4.2.2 社会要营造和谐文化的文化义务40-41
        4.2.3 个人树立正确的文化义务观41-43
结论43-44
参考文献44-47
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况47-48
致谢48-50
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