首页 > 硕士 > 哲学 > 正文

弗洛伊德人学思想探析

An Inquiry Into Floyd’s Humanism Theory

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:胡光 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

Floyd, Humanism Theory, Desire, Civilization

        当今社会重视人的发展,提倡“以人为本”。因此人学得到了越来越多的学者们的关注,弗洛伊德作为精神分析学说的创始人以其独特的视角阐释人学。为我们研究人学提供了更多的素材。该论文通过四个部分对弗洛伊德的人学思想进行了全面的阐释。第一部分绪论,主要对弗洛伊德做个简要的介绍。首先,通过对弗洛伊德的介绍来了解弗洛伊德人学思想并由此确定选题的背景及意义;其次,阐释了弗洛伊德人学思想的研究现状,并理出该文的研究思路。第二部分分析了弗洛伊德人学思想的理论来源,研究了弗洛伊德人学思想产生的社会历史背景,并且理清了弗洛伊德人学理论的发展历程。第三部分以本能为核心概念,从四个层次梳理了弗洛伊德人学思想。首先,人的本质是一种为了实现欲望并得到满足的系统的精神活动。其次,性本能是人类生存的需要,但这不是唯一的需要,由于力比多的作用,人类的欲望在不断发展,并且由此也引发出人类无限的潜能。第三,为了满足欲望的扩张,人类自身也在不断的发展,并且最终学会了运用理性来控制本能。最后,随着社会的发展人类不断完善自身,不但有了信仰而且还发展了文明。第四部分用马克思主义哲学原理对弗洛伊德人学思想评析。弗洛伊德关注现实生活中人们的生存状况,因此他发现了西方社会的一些弊端,所以说他的思想有一定的现实性,但是他过分重视了无意识和本能对于人类的作用,而忽视了理性和人类的社会属性,所以他的人学思想带有历史局限性。
    In today’s society value of development, advocate "people-oriented", so the human could be learned by more and more scholars’ attention. Floyd as the founder of psychoanalysis theory explains the human study by its unique angle of view, providing more source material for us who want to research humanism. The thesis has carried out all-round expounding by the fact through four parts to Floyd’s human study thought.The first part is a brief introduction of Floyd. Firstly, through the introduction of Freud to understand Freud humanistic thoughts and then define expatiates the background and significance; Secondly, the current status of related researches both home and abroad are made comments, and sort out the ideas of this study.The second part analyze the Freudian theoretical source of human thought, and think about the Freudian ideas of the social and historical, and sort out the Freudian theory of human development course.The third part constructs Floyd’s humanism theory from four levels with a core concept of natural. Firstly, the essence of man is a kind of desire and satisfied in order to realize the system of mental activity. Secondly, sexual instinct is the existence of human need, but it is not the only one, due to the effect of libido, human desire in the continuous development, and this also led to the infinite potential of human. Thirdly, in order satisfy the desires of the expansion, human itself is also being in constant development, and finally learned to use the rationality to control instinct. Fourthly, because of the development of the social, human beings to constantly improve themselves not only with religion but also the development of a civilization.The fourth part makes a comment on Floyd’s theory based on Marxist philosophy. His concern on humans is in the real society actuality and feasibility, because of this he found some shortcomings of Western societies. So his though has a certain reality. But he give too much attention to the unconscious and natural’s function to human, then ignore the rationality and human social attribute, therefore his humanistic thoughts with historical limitations.
        

弗洛伊德人学思想探析

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-12
    1.1 课题研究背景8-9
        1.1.1 社会背景8
        1.1.2 理论背景8-9
    1.2 课题研究意义9
        1.2.1 理论意义9
        1.2.2 实践意义9
    1.3 国内外研究现状9-11
        1.3.1 国内研究现状9-10
        1.3.2 国外研究现状10-11
    1.4 本论文研究思路11-12
2 弗洛伊德人学思想的历史渊源12-19
    2.1 弗洛伊德人学思想的社会历史背景12-14
        2.1.1 弗洛伊德人学思想产生的客观基础12-13
        2.1.2 弗洛伊德人学思想产生的科学背景13
        2.1.3 弗洛伊德人学思想产生的哲学渊源13-14
    2.2 弗洛伊德人学思想的发展历程14-19
        2.2.1 初创时期14-15
        2.2.2 形成时期15-16
        2.2.3 发展时期16-19
3 弗洛伊德人学思想的基本内容19-34
    3.1 人的本质界定19-22
        3.1.1 人的内在本质——系统的精神活动19-20
        3.1.2 人的本质结构——欲望与满足20-22
    3.2 人的基本特征22-26
        3.2.1 性本能——生存的需要22-24
        3.2.2 力比多——欲望的根源24
        3.2.3 超自我——无限的潜能24-26
    3.3 人的存在方式26-32
        3.3.1 人对于生存的渴望——天性26-28
        3.3.2 人对于图腾的敬畏——禁忌28-31
        3.3.3 人对于本能的控制——理性31-32
    3.4 人的自我完善32-34
        3.4.1 开启了信仰的先河——宗教32-33
        3.4.2 造就了群体的幸福——文明33-34
4 弗洛伊德人学思想评析34-40
    4.1 弗洛伊德人学思想的历史地位及意义34-37
        4.1.1 揭开了人类无意识之谜34-35
        4.1.2 揭示了西方社会的一些弊端35-36
        4.1.3 扩展了心理学研究的领域36-37
    4.2 弗洛伊德人学思想的局限37-40
        4.2.1 偏重了无意识的作用37
        4.2.2 轻视了理性的指导37-38
        4.2.3 忽视了人的社会属性38-40
结论40-41
参考文献41-43
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况43-44
致谢44-46
        下载全文需50


本文地址:

上一篇:马克思社会建设思想研究
下一篇:马克思主义哲学视野下的“中国模式”研究

分享到: 分享弗洛伊德人学思想探析到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告