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贺麟文化哲学思想研究

An Exploration of Philosophical Culture Theory of HeLin

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:胡光 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

HeLin, Nature and Phenomenon, Confucianism, Modernization

        贺麟作为中国近代杰出的哲学家、西方哲学研究专家,其为中国哲学的发展做出重大贡献。贺麟的文化哲学思想立足于传统儒学文化,力图以儒家思想为主体吸收和融合西方文化哲学以解决中国社会中的现实问题。作为现代新儒家的代表,贺麟的文化哲学思想中对体用范畴极其重视,甚至将体用观作为整个文化哲学的理论基础。在贺麟看来,文化的体与用有其特殊的哲学含义,并存在着绝对和相对的两种体用观。贺麟认为,道是文化的纯体,文化是道的用,然而道.的价值理念要通过精神这一媒介才‘能显现出来,在这一意义上,精神是文化的体,文化是精神的用。因此,贺麟特别看重精神对文化的影响。与此同时,为适应现代化发展的需要,贺麟突破传统文化中对儒者的定位,建立新的儒者形象,树立新的儒者态度,将合理性、合人情、合时代作为新式儒者应当具备的三个基本特征。贺麟文化哲学的又一重要作用就是促进儒家思想的新开展,这里他以中西文化相结合的方式,提出“以体充体,以用补用”的文化方针,提出以西洋哲学发挥儒家之理学,以西方宗教充实儒家之礼教,以西洋艺术发扬儒家之诗教,试图从这三种学术途径入手做到华化西洋文化。一方面将儒家思想与西洋文化中的哲学、宗教相融合;另一方面,用西洋文化中的民主与科学弥补中国文化中的不足,推动中国现代化的发展。通过本课题的研究,使我们更了解贺麟的文化哲学思想,贺麟以海纳百川的开放胸怀去包容现有的文化成果,不论古今中西。这对于我们今天如何处理传统文化与现代化的关系,以及当代中国文化和道德的建构,仍可以借鉴。
    HeLin as an outstanding modern Chinese philosopher, an expert on Western philosophy, which makes a significant contribution for the development of Chinese philosophy. HeLin’s cultural philosophy theory based on the traditional Confucian culture, making the Confucianism as the main absorption and trying to integrate the Western cultural philosophy to solve the practical problems in Chinese society.As a representative of the modern Neo-Confucianism, HeLin’s Philosophical Culture Theory has a great attention on nature and phenomenon, and makes it as a theoretical basis on the concept of Philosophical Culture. For HeLin, nature and phenomenon has the special philosophical meaning, and also existentes both absolute and relative meanings. HeLin believes that Tao is pure nature of culture, and the culture is the phenomenon of Tao, but the pure nature’s values need of a medium to appear, in this sense, the spirit is the nature of culture, culture is the phenomenon of spirit. Therefore, HeLin thinks the spirit is the particular importance on the culture. At the same time, in order to meet the needs of modernization, HeLin breakes through the traditional culture of the Confucians, establishing the new Confucian image and attitudes, combining the rationality and human touch as the basic characteristics of Confucian. The another important role of HeLin’s Philosophical Culture theory is to promote the New Development of Confucianism. He proposes that "the nature filles with the nature, the phenomenon filles with the phenomenon" by combining of the Chinese and Western cultures. He advocates to use the philosophy, religion, art of the Western culture to be supplementary in the Chinese culture gaps. On the one hand, he ntegrates the culture of Confucianism with the Western philosophy and religion; On the other hand, he uses the Western culture of democracy and science to make up for deficiencies in the Chinese culture and promotes the development of China’s modernization.Research of this subject, we can be better understand the culture of He Lin’s cultural philosophy, he openes his mind to accommodate the existing cultural achievements, both ancient and modern,Chinese and Western, striving to include extensive content. This is a good idea for us to handle the relationship between traditional culture and modernization, as well as the contemporary Chinese culture and moral construction.
        

贺麟文化哲学思想研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-13
    1.1 其人其说8-9
    1.2 贺麟文化哲学思想的研究现状9-11
    1.3 研究的目的及方法11-13
2 贺麟文化哲学思想产生的历史背景及理论渊源13-22
    2.1 贺麟文化哲学思想的历史背景13-17
        2.1.1 晚清文化激进主义在中国的传播13-15
        2.1.2 五四时期多种文化派别的发展15-16
        2.1.3 抗日战争时期新儒家的长足发展16-17
    2.2 贺麟文化哲学思想的理论渊源17-22
        2.2.1 传统文化对贺麟文化哲学思想的影响17-18
        2.2.2 西方文化对贺麟文化哲学思想的熏陶18-19
        2.2.3 现代新儒家对贺麟文化哲学思想的影响19-22
3 贺麟文化哲学思想的基本内容22-37
    3.1 贺麟文化哲学思想的内涵22-25
        3.1.1 文化哲学含义的概述22-23
        3.1.2 文化哲学思想的使命23-24
        3.1.3 文化哲学思想的方向24-25
    3.2 贺麟文化哲学思想的核心25-28
        3.2.1 关于体与用的定义25-26
        3.2.2 体与用应遵循的原则26-27
        3.2.3 关于全盘西化论的评判27-28
    3.3 贺麟文化哲学思想的表达28-32
        3.3.1 确立现代的人生理念28-29
        3.3.2 建立新的儒者形象29-30
        3.3.3 树立新的儒者态度30-32
    3.4 贺麟文化哲学思想的功能32-37
        3.4.1 以西洋哲学发挥儒家之理学32-33
        3.4.2 以西洋宗教充实儒家之礼教33-35
        3.4.3 以西洋艺术发扬儒家之诗教35-37
4 贺麟文化哲学思想的评析37-45
    4.1 贺麟文化哲学思想的功绩37-39
        4.1.1 捍卫民族文化的主体地位37-38
        4.1.2 华化西学实现中国文化的现代化38-39
    4.2 贺麟文化哲学思想的缺陷39-41
        4.2.1 忽视文化的物质基础39-40
        4.2.2 无法实现的"返本开新"40-41
    4.3 贺麟文化哲学思想的当代价值41-45
        4.3.1 对弘扬民族文化具有的卓越贡献41-43
        4.3.2 对社会主义新文化融入世界文化的重要启示43-45
结论45-46
参考文献46-48
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况48-49
致谢49-51
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