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湖南江华瑶族民间宗教信仰研究

作者: 专业:宗教学 导师:黄桂秋 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

Jiang Hua Yao, folk religion, belief

        湖南江华瑶族自治县是全国瑶族人口最多、面积较广的自治县。江华瑶族民间宗教信仰主要分为四个部分:多种形式的自然崇拜﹑表现多样的动物神崇拜﹑独具风格的鬼神崇拜﹑注重用仪式表现的祖先崇拜。受传统的影响,江华瑶族百姓认为必须坚持这样的民间宗教信仰。他们信仰这样的民间宗教是因为这样的民间宗教自身具有吸引力并且认为可以通过这样的信仰获得好处。因久居大山深处而生发的那种独特的神秘性、那种和道教因长期共处而生发的包容性、入世观和出世观自然结合而生发的融合性、信仰涉及了生活的各方面而生发的渗透性是它的四大特点。江华瑶族民间宗教信仰的社会功能主要表现为:它有助于调适人们的心理状态,从而使人们精神稳定;它有助于人们和谐相处,也让每个人都能生活安定;它要求人们行善施助,它要求人们要受道德约束,从而有助于社会稳定;它要求人们审视言行、反思灵魂,从而使人们实现自我完善;它能够促进社会的发展。湖南江华瑶族和广西富川瑶族的民间宗教信仰的相同点:都以信仰自然崇拜为主﹑都重视鬼魂观念﹑都以丰富多彩的仪式作为载体。两者有相同点的原因:同属瑶族,族源相同;他们所生活的地理环境几乎相同;两地瑶族群众会有迁徙和文化交流。江华瑶族和富川瑶族的民间宗教信仰的不同点:江华瑶族的动物神崇拜比较淡化,而富川瑶族的动物神崇拜比较丰富;在他们为信仰而举行的仪式上江华瑶族更注重诵念,而富川瑶族则注重音乐性;江华瑶族的民间宗教信仰受道教影响很大,而富川瑶族的民间宗教信仰受道教的影响相对较小。两者有不同点的原因:两地瑶族群众周围所生活的人群和社会状况有差异;两地所处的地理位置不同,因此信仰受其他宗教影响的程度不同;两地民间宗教信仰在历史上受政权干涉的程度不同。民间宗教研究目前开展的依然非常有限,希望更多的有识之士能够为民间宗教的研究领域的拓展而努力拼搏,希望民间宗教研究能够蓬勃发展。
    Hunan Yao Yao Autonomous County, the nation’s most populous area of the broader county. Jianghua Yao ethnic civil religion is divided into four parts: Show various forms of nature worship ; variety of animal worship ;stylish spirit worship ritual manifestations with emphasis on ancestor worship. By tradition, Jianghua Yao ethnic people believe that we must adhere to such a civil religion. They believe that civil religion is because such an attractive and popular religion itself that can benefit by this belief. Living in the mountains due to the kind of deep and germinal unique mystique, and that because of long-term coexistence and germinal Taoism inclusive, accession to the WTO view and view of the natural combination of birth germinal integration of faith involved in all aspects of life germinal permeability of its four characteristics. Jianghua Yao tribe of civil religion social function mainly as follows: It helps to adjust people’s mental state, so that people’s mental stability; it helps people to live in harmony, let everyone live in peace; it requires people to do good facilities assistance, it requires that people are subject to moral restraint, and thus contribute to the social stability; it requires people to look at words and actions, reflect on the soul, so that people achieve self-improvement; it can promote social development. Hunan and Guangxi Bucheon Jianghua Yao Yao ethnic civil religion in the same point:are faith-based nature worship;attach importance to the concept of ghosts are in a colorful ceremony as a carrier.Both have the same point of reasons: both belong to the Yao, national origin the same; they live almost the same geographical environment; between the Yao people will migrate and cultural exchanges. Bucheon Jianghua Yao Yao ethnic and religious differences folk: Jianghua Yao ethnic comparison of animal worship dilute, and Bucheon Yao abundance of animal worship; in their faith and family at the ceremony, Jiang Huayao pay more attention to recite, and Bucheon Yao, pay attention to musicality; Jianghua Yao ethnic civil religion greatly affected by Taoism, and Bucheon Yao Taoist folk religion by a relatively small impact. There are differences between the two reasons: both the Yao people live around people and social conditions are different; two different geographical location, so by the other religious beliefs have different effects; two places in the history of civil religion different levels of interference by the regime. Ongoing study of civil religion is still very limited, the hope that more insight to the civil religion of the research development and hard work, hope that the study of civil religion can flourish.
        

湖南江华瑶族民间宗教信仰研究

摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-7
绪论9-16
第一章 江华瑶族民间宗教信仰概述16-18
    第一节 江华瑶族的概况16-17
    第二节 宗教信仰的定义17-18
第二章 概述江华瑶族的最主要的四种宗教信仰18-28
    第一节 多种形式的自然崇拜18-19
    第二节 表现多样的动物神崇拜19-21
    第三节 独具风格的鬼神崇拜21-24
    第四节 注重用仪式表现的祖先崇拜24-26
    第五节 江华瑶族百姓信仰民间宗教的主要原因26-28
第三章 江华瑶族民间宗教信仰的特点28-36
    第一节 因久居大山深处而生发的那种独特的神秘性28-29
    第二节 那种和道教因长期共处而生发的包容性29-30
    第三节 入世观和出世观自然结合而生发的融合性30-33
    第四节 信仰涉及了生活的各方面而生发的渗透性33-36
第四章 江华瑶族民间宗教信仰的社会功能36-46
    第一节 它有助于调适人们的心理状态36-38
    第二节 它有助于人们和谐相处38-39
    第三节 它有助于社会稳定39-42
    第四节 它有助于人们实现自我完善42-43
    第五节 它有助于社会发展43-46
第五章 江华瑶族与富川瑶族民间宗教信仰比较46-56
    第一节 两者的相同点以及形成原因46-51
    第二节 两者的不同点以及形成原因51-55
    第三节 分析两者异同的意义和作用55-56
结论56-57
参考文献57-59
后记59
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