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高清海人学理论探析

Analysis of Gao Qinghai’s Human Theory

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:黄志强 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

Gao Qinghai, human theory, genus philosophy, Innovation

        高清海先生是当今中国哲学界最具影响力和创造力的哲学家之一,他开创性地把人学的理论研究与哲学、经济学、社会学等多学科相结合,提出富有创新性、时代感、民族性的人学理论。本文依据高清海人学理论自身演变的历程,分析了高清海人学理论的时代背景和思想来源,探讨了高清海人学理论创新的主要内容。高清海的人学理论萌生于20世纪70年代末,国内的社会转型和国际的全球一体化进程,推动他开始正视和面对“人”的问题。他批判性地吸收中国传统哲学、西方哲学和马克思主义哲学三种理论传统的精华,形成具有自己个性化的人学理论。人和哲学有着深层的内在联系。高清海认为,人是哲学的主题和实质,哲学是人的自我反思、自我意识的理论。人的双重生命观是高清海人学理论创新的一块基石。人既有和动物一样的本能生命,即“种生命”,又具有自我创生的自为生命“类生命”。以往哲学以观物的方式来把握人,导致了人的抽象化和人的失落,因此认识人的关键在于突破“物性逻辑”,而代之以“人性逻辑”。20世纪90年代,高清海先生从多学科综合性角度研究市场经济与人的关系,提出市场经济的双重价值取向,即“物”的“形而下”价值与“人”的“形而上”目的;市场经济是促进独立个人生成并向自由人转变的过渡阶段,是人的发展中一个不可缺少的必经阶段。90年代中期高清海先生提出“类哲学”观念。他认为马克思的人的发展“三阶段”的实质是人的类本质的发展过程,“类哲学”是高清海先生研究人学所得出的最为重要的理论成果。
    Mr. Gao Qinghai has been widely recognized as one the today’s most influential and creative Chinese philosophers. He pioneered a new human theory, in which the Humanities Sciences was creatively combined with philosophy, economy science and social science with innovative, contemporary, national ethnic markers.This article is focused on his human theory, analysed the background and source of ideas for this theory and discussed the main elements of theory.Gao’s human theory was raised in the late 20th century, 70’s. It was a period of the domestic social transformation and international process of global integration, these reality pushed he toface up the "human" issue. He critically absorbed the essential elements from traditional Chinese philosophy, western philosophy and Marxist philosophy, and formed his new personalized human theory. Philosophy has made deep and inherent connection with human. Human is the subject of philosophy and essence of philosophy is man’s self-reflection, self-awareness theory. The view of Human’s dual life is the cornerstones for his innovation of human theory. The same as the life of animals, human has one kind life, namely, "natural life", but also has self-creation of life - "genus life". Philosophy of the past grasp the human being in the thinking mode of view thing, leading to a human abstraction and human loss. therefore recognize the key breakthrough "the logic of material nature", and replace it with "the logic of human". 90 years in the 20th century, Mr. Gao Qinghai studied the relationship between market economy and human from the view of multi-disciplinary, put forward the dual values of the market economy; the market economy promote the independence of free people personal generates changes in the transition to the stage of human development in one indispensable to go through. The mid-90s Mr. Gao Qinghai raised"the genus philosophy". He believed that Marx’s human development "three stage" was the development process of human’s genus nature."genus philosophy" is the most important theoretical results of Mr. Gao Qinghai study in human.
        

高清海人学理论探析

摘要4-5
Abstract5
引言7-17
    一、高清海的个人生平及学术探索轨迹7-8
    二、国内外研究现状8-15
    三、研究方法15-16
    四、研究的理论意义和实践价值16-17
第一章 高清海人学理论的思想来源和时代背景17-24
    一、高清海人学理论的思想来源17-21
    二、高清海人学理论的时代背景21-24
第二章 高清海对人学的理论创新24-46
    一、人与哲学的关系——“人是哲学的奥秘”24-27
    二、人的双重生命观——“种生命”与“类生命”27-29
    三、思维方式的转变——从“物性逻辑”到“人性逻辑”29-32
    四、市场经济与人的发展32-38
    五、类哲学38-46
第三章 高清海人学理论的哲学沉思46-51
    一、“人是哲学的奥秘”的提法值得商榷46
    二、割裂“种”与“类”两者之间的内在关系46-47
    三、主张“人性逻辑”而完全否定“物性逻辑”47-48
    四、人的类本质生成过程与马克思人的发展“三形态”说的内在差异性48
    五、从提升“类本位”中解决全球性问题的可行性48-51
结论51-53
参考文献53-56
后记56
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