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可持续发展观中代际公平问题的哲学研究

Philosophical Research of Intergenerational Justice Issue of Sustainable Development

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:黄志强 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

ecological envionmental crisis, sustainable-development-viewpoint, core, inter-generational justice

        传统发展模式造成的全球性生态环境危机已成为制约整个人类生存与发展的瓶颈,走可持续发展道路是人们面对发展困境的理性选择。事实表明,当代人的发展是以牺牲后代人的生存与发展条件为代价的,代际公平问题突显,它是可持续发展观的核心问题。代际资源和环境公平是代际公平的核心,代际公平是指后代人在自然资源上享有同当代人同等的公平分配权利和当代人在环境保护上对后代人所应尽的义务。代际公平与代内公平是辩证统一,相互促进的:代内公平是代际公平的基础,代际公平是代内公平的落角点和归宿。历史主体——现实的人不断生成发展的物质基础是自然界,马克思主义哲学的历史主体论是代际公平的哲学基础。代际公平问题成因很复杂,主要有三个方面:首先是近代主体性哲学在实践中造成的绝对人类中心主义;其次是片面追求经济增长的发展战略;最后是有限的自然资源同人类无限的需求之间的矛盾。因而促进代际公平应从以下方面着手:一要破除本代中心主义,树立代际关怀意识;二要建立生态型政府;三要建立公正合理的国际政治经济新秩序;四要消灭资本主义,建立社会主义制度。当前,在社会主义与资本主义将长期并存的世界里,建立公正合理的国际政治经济新秩序是当代人所面临的最紧迫的任务,但要从根本上解决代际公平问题,就要消灭资本主义私有制,建立社会主义。
    The global ecology environmental crisis caused by traditional development model has become the bottleneck that restricted the survival and development of the whole mankind,the road of sustainable development is a rational choice that people faced with development dilemma。Facts show that the development of contemporary generations is at the cost of conditions of survival and development of future generations,intergenerational justice issue has been an outstanding issue,it is the core issue of sustainable development viewpoint。The justice of intergenerational resources and environment is the core of intergenerational justice,intergenerational justice is that in natural resources, future generations and contemporary generations enjoy equal rights of fair distribution and contemporary generations are responsible for future generations in the environmental protection。Intergenerational justice and intragenerational justice are the dialectical unity and help each other forward:intragenerational justice is the base of intergenerational justice and intergenerational justice is the falling angle point and destination of intragenerational justice。Historical subject——the generation and development of the real person is based on the material natural world。The historical subjectivity of Marxist philosophy is philosophical foundation of the intergenerational justice。The reasons that caused intergenerational justice issue are very complex,there are three main aspects:firstly,modern subjective philosophy in the practice has caused absolute anthrocentrism;secondly,development strategy of one-sided pursuit of economic growth;finally,the contradiction between limited natural resources and infinite demand。Thus,promoting intergenerational justice should fall to doing from the following aspects:firstly,breaking centrism of the generation we are,establishing intergenerational care consciousness;secondly,establishing ecological government;thirdly,establishing new just and rational order of international political and economic;fourthly,eliminating capitalism,establishing the socialist system。Currently,in this world that socialism and capitalism will coexist for long,it is the most urgent task for contemporary generations that establishing new just and rational order of international political and economic。But to basically solve the intergenerational justice issue,we should eliminate capitalism,and establish the socialist system。
        

可持续发展观中代际公平问题的哲学研究

摘要4-5
ABSTRACT5
绪论7-13
第一章 问题的缘起13-19
    第一节 发展困境与可持续发展观13-14
    第二节 可持续发展观的伦理性质14-16
    第三节 代际公平是可持续发展观的核心问题16-19
第二章 代际公平的基本概念及哲学基础19-32
    第一节 公平与代际公平19-24
    第二节 代际公平的哲学基础24-32
第三章 代际公平问题的成因32-40
    第一节 近代主体性哲学实践中的绝对人类中心主义32-34
    第二节 片面追求经济增长的发展战略34-37
    第三节 人类需求无限性与自然资源有限性之间的矛盾37-40
第四章 促进代际公平的途径40-51
    第一节 破除本代中心主义,树立代际关怀意识40-42
    第二节 建立生态型政府42-44
    第三节 建立公正合理的国际政治经济新秩序44-47
    第四节 消灭资本主义,建立社会主义47-51
结束语51-52
参考文献52-55
攻读硕士学位期间发表论文目录55-56
后记56
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