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钱学森中医观研究

Research on Qian Xuesen’s View of Chinese Medicine

作者: 专业:科学技术哲学 导师:刘霁堂 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 广州中医药大学

Keywords

Qian Xuesen, view of Chinese medicine, modernization

        近代西医东渐以来,中医的生存与发展问题一直为国人所热论,然学贯中西之大家关注该话题并热衷参与其中者却为数不多。我国“航天之父”钱学森则是例外,作为一名科学家,他站在现代科学的高度研读思考中医,提出“中医的理论是宝贝”,积极肯定中医的价值。钱学森从80年代开始关注并重视中医的发展,通过与别人书信交流,定期召开相关的研讨会,出版和发表相关的著作和论文,探讨中医的发展,思想独特、深邃。本文尝试对钱学森有关中医发展的观念进行梳理,力图为中医学发展提供有益参考。本文第一章介绍了论文的研究背景、国内在钱学森中医观问题上的研究现状以及本文的研究目的、意义和方法;第二章主要从钱学森的专业、在科协的角色、自身的因素和系统科学研究等方面介绍钱学森中医观形成的背景知识和形成过程;第三章主要分析钱学森中医观的内容。首先阐述了钱学森关于中医的认知,包括对中医的知识定位、中医学与哲学的关系、中医学与科学技术的关系以及气功的态度。钱学森认为人是“有意识的复杂开放巨系统”,中医理论是自然哲学,中医位于前科学阶段,但这样的认识并没有在贬低中医,反而使我们更加认清中医的本质和现代化任务。其次阐述了钱学森关于中医方法的思想,包括唯象中医学方法、人体科学方法以及系统科学方法。钱学森提出建立唯象中医学是中医现代化的第一步,而人体科学方法是第二步,在发展中医的过程中,系统科学为其提供科学的方法指南。最后阐述了钱学森关于中医现代化的思想,包括中医语言与理论现代化、中医教育现代化和中医现代化路径选择。语言和教育关系到中医的传承与发展,是中医现代化重要的研究内容。第四章以上述材料为基础,对钱学森中医观进行评析,提出钱学森中医观具有以下思维特征:其一坚持马克思主义哲学指导中医,其二坚持批判性地认识中医,其三提出以整体性的思维认识和发展中医,其四提出他的中医观有一定的唯科学性。此外,还认为钱学森的中医观契合现代医学模式,深化了对中医理论的认知,丰富了中医研究的方法。文章最后,概括出钱学森中医观在国家中医发展战略、中医教育以及中医研究的实践和指导意义,认为钱学森中医观对国家中医发展路线和政策的制定以及对中医的语言教育、创新人才培养和综合素质培养有一定的实践和指导意义,并认为深入研究唯象中医学和系统科学,充分利用现代科学技术,对中医的发展可谓意义深远。该文主要通过两种方法进行研究。第一是期刊文献研究法:主要从CNKI知识网络服务平台、万方数据知识服务平台,维普资讯等数据库获取相关资料,了解钱学森对中医的认知及发展中医的资料。第二是文本著作阅读分析法:主要通过阅读《钱学森书信》(10卷本和5卷补编本)、《人体科学》、《系统科学与中医药创新发展》(钱学森学生戴汝为著)等著作以及钱学森的期刊论文、会议文献等材料,发现和归纳钱学森的中医观点。
    As the western civilization spread out to the East, the survival and development of Chinese Medicine (CM) has become a hot discussion topic, while seldom master who have a thorough knowledge of both western and Chinese medicine focused on this topic. However, Qian Xuesen, known as the father of China’s missile and space program, was an exception. As a scientist of system science, he stood at the height of modern science to study and ponder over CM and put forward that "The theory of Chinese Medicine is a treasure" with positive affirmation of CM. With unique and deep thoughts, Qian began to pay close attention to CM from the 1980’s and explore the development of CM through letters with other scholars, regular related seminar and publication of related books and papers. This study attempts to sort out Qian’s ideas of development of CM and tries to provide a valuable reference.The first chapter of this paper introduces the research background, research status at home on Qian Xuesen’s view of CM, as well as the research ideas, significance and approaches. The second chapter introduces the background and the formation process of Qian Xuesen’s view of CM, mainly from Qian Xuesen’s profession, the role play in Association for Science and Technology, its own factors and research on System Science. The third chapter mainly analyzes the content of Qian Xuesen’s view of CM. Firstly, expounds the cognition of CM, including the knowledge of CM, the relationship between CM and philosophy, the relationship between CM and science and technology as well as the attitude of Qigong. Qian Xuesen consider that people are a conscious open complex giant system, the theory of CM is the natural philosophy, CM is still in the former stage of science, but it is not in the degeneration of CM, on the contrary, it makes us more understanding the essence of CM and the modern task of CM. Secondly, expounds Qian Xuesen’s ideas about the method of CM, including Phenomenological CM method, Human Science and System Science methods. Qian Xuesen proposed phenomenological CM is the first step in the modernization of CM, and the Human Science is the second step, the System Science method provide a scientific method in the whole process of CM development. Finally, elaborated Qian Xuesen’s ideas about the modernization of CM, including the modernization of language and theory of CM, educational modernization of CM and the path selection of CM modernization. Language and education related to the heritage and development of CM, it is an important research content of CM modernization. The fourth chapter on the basis of the above materials, evaluate and analyze Qian Xuesen’s view of CM, put forward that it has the following thinking characteristics:the first, stick to Marxist philosophy to guide to CM; the second, critically understanding CM; the third, using holistic thinking to understand and develop CM; the fourth, put forward that Qian’s view of CM has a certain scientific nature. In addition, the author still think that Qian Xuesen’s view of CM agrees with the modern medical model, deepening the cognition of CM theory, and enriches the research method of CM. In the final part of paper, the author summarized that Qian Xuesen’ s view of CM has pratical and guiding significance in national development strategy, education and research of CM, guiding the CM route and policy of development, as well as the Chinese language education, innovative talents and comprehensive qualities cultivation. If we go further study of Phenomenological CM and System Science, making full use of modern science and technology, which will have far-reaching significance to the development of CM.We make two ways to research the article. The first one is periodical literature research:The relevant information mainly from database access such as CNKI knowledge network service platform, Wanfang data knowledge service platform, VIP information etc, understand the knowledge and development on Qian Xuesen’s view of CM. The second is text books and literature reading and analyzing method:mainly reading through the Qian Xuesen’s Epistles(10 volumes and 5 supplement of this), Human Science, System Science and the Innovation and Development of Chinese Medicine, (Qian’s student Dai Ruwei) and journal articles, conference literature of Qian Xuesen’s materials. Discover and conclude Qian Xuesen’s view of CM.
        

钱学森中医观研究

摘要3-5
Abstract5-6
引言10-12
第一章 绪论12-17
    第一节 研究背景12
    第二节 研究现状12-15
        一、中医现代化研究12-13
        二、唯象中医学研究13
        三、人体科学研究13-14
        四、系统科学运用于中医的研究14
        五、钱学森弟子对其中医观的研究14-15
    第三节 研究目的、意义及方法15-17
        一、研究目的15-16
        二、研究意义16
        三、研究方法16-17
第二章 钱学森中医观的形成17-21
    第一节 钱学森中医观形成的影响因素17-18
        一、钱学森的专业研究17
        二、钱学森的工作角色17-18
        三、钱学森对健康的切身体验18
    第二节 钱学森中医观形成的方法和阶段18-21
        一、钱学森中医观形成的方法18-20
            (一) 综合集成方法18-19
            (二) 系统科学方法19-20
        二、钱学森中医观形成的阶段20-21
第三章 钱学森中医观主要内容21-42
    第一节 关于中医学的认知21-27
        一、关于中医知识的定位21-22
            (一) 钱学森对“人”的认识21
            (二) 钱学森对中医知识的定位21-22
        二、中医学与哲学的关系22-23
            (一) 中医理论是经典意义上的自然哲学22-23
            (二) 用一种正确的哲学去指导中医23
        三、中医学与科学技术的关系23-25
            (一) 钱学森的科技观23-25
            (二) 中医学与科学技术25
        四、关于中医气功的态度25-27
    第二节 关于中医方法的观点27-33
        一、唯象中医学方法27-28
        二、中医学人体科学方法28-30
        三、中医学系统科学方法30-33
            (一) 系统科学是中医现代化理论基础30-31
            (二) 系统科学是解决复杂巨系统的科学31-32
            (三) 系统科学方法是中医现代化方法指南32-33
    第三节 关于中医现代化的观点33-42
        一、中医语言与理论现代化33-35
            (一) 中医语言现代化33-34
            (二) 中医理论现代化34-35
        二、中医教育现代化35-36
        三、中医现代化路径36-42
            (一) 中医现代化的内在要求37
            (二) 当前中医现代化误区37-38
            (三) 中医现代化路径选择38-42
                1. 中医现代化是一场革命38-39
                2. 中医现代化要中西医结合实现扬弃39-40
                3. 中医现代化分步走40-42
第四章 钱学森中医观评析42-54
    第一节 钱学森中医思维特征42-45
        一、坚持马克思主义哲学指导中医42-43
        二、批判性43
        三、整体性43-44
        四、唯科学性44-45
    第二节 钱学森中医观的理论价值45-48
        一、契合现代医学模式45-46
        二、深化对中医理论的认知46-47
        三、丰富中医研究的方法47-48
    第三节 钱学森中医观的实践意义48-54
        一、国家中医发展战略的指导意义48-49
            (一) 在国家层面推动中医发展48-49
            (二) 中医现代化路径的指导意义49
        二、中医教育实践和指导意义49-51
            (一) 中医语言教育现代化50
            (二) 创新人才培养50
            (三) 综合素质培养50-51
        三、中医研究实践和指导意义51-54
            (一) 唯象中医学51-52
            (二) 系统科学52-53
            (三) 充分利用现代科学技术53-54
结语54-55
参考文献55-59
在校期间发表论文情况59-60
致谢60
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