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马克思早期自我意识哲学的形成及对其世界观转变的影响

The Formation of Marx’s Early Philosophy of Self-consciousness and the Affect of Transition of His Worldview

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:张吉维 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 内蒙古大学

Keywords

philosophy of self-consciousness, worldview transformation, atomism, humanism

        相对于以唯物史观学说和剩余价值学说为代表的实践哲学,学界对马克思的自我意识哲学这一主题的研究较为薄弱,研究内容多在马克思早期思想、马克思和青年黑格尔派的关系等主题之下,普遍强调马克思早期的革命民主主义立场,认为反宗教的现实斗争需要是马克思早期思想的出发点,而对于马克思博士论文中具有浓厚思辨色彩的自我意识哲学,以及其中的古希腊哲学形而上学传统,则显得重视不够。关于马克思的思想由革命民主主义向唯物史观的转变研究,学界又普遍关注《1844年哲学经济学手稿》、《神圣家族》、《黑格尔法哲学的批判》等马克思早期著作,自我意识哲学的思想起点意义一直未受到太多的关注。采用哲学史的视角来审视博士论文和《德意志意识形态》前的早期著作之间的内在联系,对唯物史观形成的研究不无裨益。所以,笔者整理马克思自我意识哲学的基本观点和来源,同时结合《德意志意识形态》前马克思的早期著作,尝试说明自我意识哲学和世界观转变的内在联系。
    In academia, the study of the subject about Marx’s self-consciousness philosophy is weak, relative to practical philosophy which is represented by the theory of Historical Materialism and the Surplus Value Doctrine. Its research content focuses on the subjects about Marx’s early thought and the relationship between Marx and Young Hegelians, generally emphasizing revolutionary democracy position in Marx’s early period, treating the requirement of anti-religious realistic struggle as the starting point of Marx’s early thought. At the same time, they pay little attention on self-consciousness philosophy which has a strong thoughtful sense and metaphysics of the ancient Greek Philosophy in Marx’s doctoral dissertation.What’s more, with respect to the study of the Marx’s thought transformation from revolutionary democracy to Historical Materialism, Marx’s early work such as Economics Philosophy Manuscript in 1844, Holy Family, and Criticism on Hegel’s Legal Philosophy have become a common concern of the academic community. While, the starting point meaning of self-awareness philosophy has not get too much attention.However, adapting the perspective of philosophy to the study of the inner relationship between doctoral dissertation and Marx’early work before German ideology is beneficial to the research of the formation of Historical Materialism. Therefore, I manage to explain the immanent connection of the self-consciousness philosophy and the Historical Materialism by organizing the basic opinions and sources of Mar’s self-consciousness philosophy, and by combining with Marx’s early works before the work of German Ideology.
        

马克思早期自我意识哲学的形成及对其世界观转变的影响

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
引言8-13
    马克思博士论文思想性质9-10
    马克思早期自我意识哲学的思想来源10-11
    马克思自我意识哲学的哲学史相关研究11-13
一、马克思早期自我意识哲学的形成13-26
    1.1 自我意识和宗教13-17
        1.1.1 马克思对黑格尔宗教观的批判14-15
        1.1.2 马克思对希腊化时期自我意识哲学的推崇15-16
        1.1.3 马克思和鲍威尔宗教的区别16-17
    1.2 自我意识和现实17-21
        1.2.1 伊壁鸠鲁和德谟克利特思维方式的对立17-20
        1.2.2 伊壁鸠鲁和德谟克利特生活实践层面的差异20
        1.2.3 马克思对二者的总结20-21
    1.3 自我意识和自然21-26
        1.3.1 原子论和自我意识的逻辑结构21-23
        1.3.2 伊壁鸠鲁对原子论矛盾的解决23-24
        1.3.3 天体论对原子论的印证24-26
二、自我意识哲学对马克思世界观转变的影响26-39
    2.1 莱茵报时期26-30
        2.1.1 马克思对物质利益的现实斗争的关注28-29
        2.1.2 马克思对资产阶级民主制的动摇29-30
    2.2 克罗茨纳赫时期30-32
        2.2.1 马克思对世界历史的考察31
        2.2.2 市民社会决定国家31-32
    2.3 德法年鉴时期32-39
        2.3.1 马克思和卢格的矛盾32-33
        2.3.2 政治解放和人类解放33-36
        2.3.3 无产阶级36-39
参考文献39-40
        


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