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制度现代化视阈下的当代中国国家治理现代化研究

Institution Modernization under the Perspective of Research in National Administration Modernization in Contemporary China

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:赵东海 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 内蒙古大学

Keywords

institution modernization, the national administration modernization, the system of national administration modemization, the capacity of national administration modernization

        党的十八届三中全会通过的《中共中央关于全面深化改革若干重大问题的决定》明确提出:“全面深化改革的总目标是完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度,推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”。“国家治理现代化”,是继“四个现代化”之后,我们党提出的又一个重要的“现代化”战略目标,是现代化的“升级版”,其要义是国家治理“制度化、规范化、程序化”(习近平语)。国家治理“三化”的实质是“制度现代化”,它是中国在国家治理问题上的重大理论创新,亦是对以“民主化”为核心的西方治理理论的全面超越。本文认为,制度现代化既是国家治理现代化的实质和核心内容,又是实现国家治理现代化的重要保证。因此,要实现国家治理现代化就要实现制度现代化。国家治理现代化进程,不仅在一定程度上反映着社会现代化进程,也在很大程度上表征着制度现代化进程。因此,制度现代化是国家治理现代化的着力点。就当前中国社会而言,法制化是国家治理现代化的必由之路;民主是国家治理现代化的根本保证;而公平正义是国家治理现代化的价值目标。推进国家治理现代化,是中国传统社会向现代社会转型这一时代要求的回应,它关涉人民幸福安康、社会和谐发展和国家长治久安,具有重要的理论和现实意义。在此基础上,本文力图从政治哲学的角度系统探讨了当代中国国家治理现代化的现实路径,并认为:完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度体系是国家治理现代化的目标指向;解放思想是国家治理现代化的观念前提;社会主义核心价值体系是国家治理现代化价值观前提;要推进国家治理现代化须处理好公平与效率的关系、摸着石头过河与加强顶层设计的关系,以及全球化与民族化的关系。
    The party’s eighteen plenary session has passed the<The decision of the CPC Central Committee on deepening the reform of some major issues>. And put forward clearly that:" The general goal of comprehensively deepen reform is the improvement and development of Chinese characteristic of socialist system, to promote the national administration system and administration ability of modernization. The problem of globalization era Propose and promote "national administration modernization" is another significant moderation strategy goal after our government propose the four modernization. Is the modernization of the update version. The essential of this strategy is institutionalization, standardization, routinization (The words of president Xi Jinping). This three points is the essential of the "institution modernization". It is a major theoretical innovation in Chinese national administration issues, and it’s also a big overstep to the western administration theory which is based on the core of the "democracy". Based on the current China society, legalization is the must take routine of the national administration modernization. Democracy is the fundamental guarantee of the national administration modernization. Fairness and justice is the value goal of the national administration modernization. To promote the national administration modernization is requirement of the transformation from Chinese traditional society to the modern society, it relates to the people’s happiness life, development of the harmonies society and long period of national stability, So it has important theoretical and practical significance.This articles think that, Institution modernization is not only the essential and the core content of national administration modernization, but also the significant ensurance to accomplish the national administration modernization. So,without the institution modernization, the national administration modernization doesn’t make any sense. The process of the national administration modernization not only reflect the process of society modernization, but also reflect the process of institution modernization to some extent. Therefore, the institution modernization is the point of national administration modernization.Based on the above understanding, this article is trying to discuss the realistic approaches to national modernization in contemporary China from the perspective of political philosophy. I think:improve and develop the Chinese Characteristic socialist system is the direction goal of the national administration modernization; emancipating mind is the premise concept of national administration modernization; The core value system of socialist is the value premise of national administration modernization, to promote the national administration modernization have to settle the relationship between efficiency and fairness, the relationship between touch stone across the river and strengthen the top level design and the relation between globalization and nationalism.
        

制度现代化视阈下的当代中国国家治理现代化研究

摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-8
绪论10-17
    0.1 选题背景10-12
        0.1.1 国际背景:全球化时代“治理”问题的凸显10-11
        0.1.2 国内背景:全面深化改革和中国政治发展的必然逻辑11-12
    0.2 选题意义12-13
        0.2.1 理论意义12-13
        0.2.2 现实意义13
    0.3 国内外研究现状综述13-16
        0.3.1 国外研究现状13-14
        0.3.2 国内研究现状14-16
    0.4 理论创新点16-17
一、国家治理现代化理念的形成及其意义17-24
    1.1 “治理”与国家治理17-19
        1.1.1 “治理”的含义17-18
        1.1.2 国家治理的内涵18-19
    1.2 国家治理现代化19-21
        1.2.1 “国家治理现代化”的内涵19-21
        1.2.2 国家治理体系现代化与国家治理能力现代化21
    1.3 当代中国国家治理模式的历史演变21-23
    1.4 推进国家治理现代化的重要意义23-24
二、制度现代化与国家治理现代化24-31
    2.1 唯物史观视野中的“制度”:社会关系的规范化形式24-25
    2.2 唯物史观视野中的“制度现代化”:社会现代化的核心25-29
        2.2.1 制度是经济增长的核心变量26-27
        2.2.2 制度是政治进步的根本保证27-28
        2.2.3 制度是文化发展的推动力量28-29
    2.3 制度现代化:国家治理现代化的着力点29-31
三、当代中国国家治理现代化的路径选择31-41
    3.1 完善和发展中国特色社会主义制度体系:国家治理现代化的目标指向31-32
    3.2 解放思想:国家治理现代化的观念先导32-33
    3.3 构建制度秩序:国家治理现代化的必由之路33-34
    3.4 社会主义核心价值体系:国家治理现代化的价值观前提34-35
    3.5 推动国家治理现代化应处理好三重关系35-41
        3.5.1 公平与效率的关系35-36
        3.5.2 摸着石头过河与加强顶层设计的关系36-38
        3.5.3 全球化与民族化的关系38-41
结语:推进国家治理现代化须把制度建设放在突出位置41-42
参考文献42-45
致谢45
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