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关于“癌症村”现象的哲学反思

The Philosophical Reflection on "Cancer Villages"

作者: 专业:科学技术哲学 导师:王家传 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 南京理工大学

Keywords

cancer village, unity of nature and human, ecological view of nature

        本文主要是通过对“癌症村”问题的分析,探索生态自然观在现实领域的价值和应用。生态自然观是理论研究的重要收获,更对于环境问题的分析和解决上有着实际的指导意义。首先,对于文章的理论基础——生态自然观进行阐述。从人与自然的关系出发,对生态自然观中的基本观点进行说明,包括生态自然观的基本特征,生态自然观的基本思想和人与自然协调发展的基本途径;并对于全球的生态危机进行了反思。其次,以中国的“癌症村”现象为例,对于现在热点的环境问题“癌症村”的概况做出阐述。包括“癌症村”的界定,“癌症村”的地理分布情况,“癌症村”的数量变化及转移趋势,“癌症村”区域的污染源,还有各方面对“癌症村”问题的研究现状及“癌症村”问题的社会影响。通过文献中的资料充分了解“癌症村”问题的严重性,和亟待解决的问题。再次,是对环境污染型“癌症村”产生的原因做分析。总结前人的研究结论分析“癌症村”的直接成因,从环保意识的缺乏,利益的驱动,环境法执行的缺陷和政策制度不完善这几个方面做解释,并进一步从世界观和方法论的角度探寻其深层原因。最后,根据分析得到的成因,得出正确处理人与自然关系的启示,预防和避免类似“癌症村”这样的生态危机再次发生。本文试图将生态自然观的一些理论与具体实际相结合,深刻分析环境危机的根源,为解决现今岌岌可危的环境问题提供新的思路。
    Through the analysis of the problem of "cancer villages", this article aims to explore the value and application of "Ecological View of Nature" in reality. Ecological view of nature is of great importance in theoretical research. It is also of practical guiding significance for the analysis and solution of environmental problems.First of all, the article elaborates the theoretical foundation of "Ecological View of Nature". Starting from the relationship between human and nature, the basic points of ecological view of nature illustrated here include the basic characteristics of the ecological view of nature, the basic ideas of the ecological view of nature and human and the basic way of nature coordinated development. Besides, the points present the reflection of the global ecological crisis.Secondly, it takes the example of Chinese Cancer villages and elaborates the hot topic of the environmental problems of the villages, including the definition of "cancer villages", geographical distribution of "cancer villages", the statistical and geographic changing trends of "cancer villages", pollution sources of "cancer villages" area, the research status of "cancer villages" in each respect and the social impact of the problem of "cancer villages". The essay fully reveals the seriousness of "cancer villages" and their problems that need to be solved immediately.Thirdly, it analyzes the causes of "cancer villages" and summarizes previous research conclusion of the direct causes of "cancer villages". It explained from the aspect of the lack of environmental awareness, the interest of the drive, the defects of environmental law implementation and imperfection of the policy system. Then it further explores the deep reasons from the perspective of world outlook and methodology.Fourthly, according to the analysis of the causes, it puts forward the innovative suggestions of harmonies of human and nature relationships and of the prevention of cancer villages and similar ecological crisis from the aspect of "Ecological View of Nature".Finally, this article attempts to combine the theory of "Ecological View of Nature" and our reality together so as to provide a new idea to solve looming environmental problems.
        

关于“癌症村”现象的哲学反思

摘要5-6
Abstract6
1 前言9-13
    1.1 选题的目的及研究意义9
    1.2 国内外的研究现状9-11
    1.3 研究思路和方法11
    1.4 创新点与不足11-13
2 生态自然观的有关理论13-22
    2.1 人与自然的关系13-15
        2.1.1 人对自然具有依赖性和受动性13-14
        2.1.2 人对自然具有能动性和反作用14-15
    2.2 生态自然观的基本观点15-19
        2.2.1 生态自然观的思想内涵15-17
        2.2.2 人与自然协调发展的基本途径17-19
    2.3 当代全球性“生态危机”及其反思19-22
        2.3.1 当代全球性“生态危机”19-20
        2.3.2 当代全球性“生态危机”的反思20-22
3 “癌症村”的界定、现状及其影响22-29
    3.1 “癌症村”的界定22-23
    3.2 “癌症村”的基本现状23-26
        3.2.1 “癌症村”的地理分布情况23-24
        3.2.2 “癌症村”的数量变化及转移趋势24-25
        3.2.3 “癌症村”区域的污染源统计25-26
    3.3 “癌症村”的影响26-29
        3.3.1 “癌症村”的经济影响26-27
        3.3.2 “癌症村”的社会影响27-29
4 “癌症村”形成的现实原因29-34
    4.1 环保意识不强,媒体宣传缺失29-30
    4.2 盲目的追求眼前利益30-31
    4.3 环境法运作体系的缺失31-32
    4.4 政策制度不完善32-34
5 “癌症村”形成的哲学根源34-41
    5.1 人类中心主义自然观的影响34-36
        5.1.1 人类中心主义的内涵34-35
        5.1.2 人类中心主义的影响35-36
    5.2 机械论自然观的影响36-38
        5.2.1 机械论自然观的内涵36-37
        5.2.2 机械论自然观的影响37-38
    5.3 “天人合一”自然观的衰落38-41
        5.3.1 “天人合一”的界定38-39
        5.3.2 “天人合一”的生态思想内涵39
        5.3.3 “天人合一”观念的缺失39-41
6 “癌症村”问题的启示41-49
    6.1 改变思维模式,确立生态自然观是正确处理人与自然关系的理论基础41-43
    6.2 健全法律法规,完善管理制度是维护生态平衡的重要条件43-45
    6.3 改变发展模式,发展循环经济促进人与自然协调发展的基本途径45-47
    6.4 加强环保教育,增强媒体宣传是维护人与自然和谐共生的有力保障47-49
结语49-51
致谢51-52
参考文献52-56
附录56
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